Crack cocaine is a form of cocaine that is produced by combining cocaine powder with water and bicarbonate of soda or ammonia before heating it. This results in the formation of ‘rocks’, which are then smoked. Crack cocaine is known for the intensity of the ‘high’ it produces, although this is short-lived – usually lasting for only around five to 15 minutes.

Addiction arises when an individual engages in risky behaviour and compromises their safety and wellbeing to continue taking a particular substance, even when they are aware of the consequences – they may feel powerless to stop. Such is the intensity of the high induced by crack, and subsequently the ‘crash’ that follows it, that users can very easily become addicted, even after a single use of the drug.

Recovering from addiction is a very difficult process, but seeking professional help gives you the best chance of succeeding. By entering rehab, you’ll have access to dedicated, specialised support around the clock, and you’ll be in a safe environment free from the triggers and negative influences that can reinforce the addiction cycle. You’ll have the medical care and supervision that you need (particularly important during detox), as well as the expertise of therapists and counsellors who are specially trained to assist with addiction.

Another benefit of rehab is that you can focus purely on your recovery: with inpatient facilities offering nutritious meals and accommodation, you won’t need to worry about practical, day-to-day concerns and can simply engage with your detox and treatment. You may also find the presence of fellow recovering addicts to be reassuring and comforting, as you are all sharing the same experience and seeking to surmount the same challenges.

There are two main phases to rehabilitation: detox and treatment.

The detox phase will typically last around 7-14 days, although this will vary between individuals and can depend on any other coexisting addictions or health issues. During this time, medication may be administered to ease certain withdrawal symptoms.

Once the detox phase is complete, rehab treatment will begin. The form this takes will vary between rehab centres, and may vary between individuals at the same centre, as many will develop a personalised treatment plan for each addict. However, this phase will usually involve therapies such as cognitive behavioural therapy and counselling, both on an individual and group basis.

Most rehab centres will also offer an aftercare programme to follow rehab, which will help ensure ongoing success in recovery.

Inpatient rehab is based on you living at the rehab centre for the duration of your treatment, allowing for 24-hour support from staff and the opportunity to focus on your recovery without any distractions. While many treatment providers advocate for inpatient care as the most effective form of rehab, it is not suitable for all addicts as it may not be compatible with work/family commitments and may not be financially viable.

Outpatient rehab facilities will offer the same range of treatments and therapies as inpatient centres, but on a more flexible basis whereby you attend for set times/sessions. This can be helpful for those who have work/childcare commitments that cannot be avoided, or who may still be in a relatively early stage of addiction. It is also a cheaper option.